Newport ( Welsh : Casnewydd) is a port city on the River Usk near the Bristol Channel in South Wales , United Kingdom . Newport is located approximately 19 km east of Cardiff and is the largest city of the historic counties of Gwent and Monmouthshire . It is the third largest city of Wales and one of the 22 principal areas of Wales. The English name of the city literally means New Haven, the New Welsh castle. Newport has the status of a City.
In the 75 years was associated with today in Newport Caerleon, a Roman, about 3 kilometers upstream, legion camp erected. The cathedral is St. Woolos since 9 Century detectable.
The city has grown from a settlement built in the year 1090 Norman castle developed and was mentioned in 1126 for the first time.  In 1314 Newport was granted city rights. 
In the 19th Century South Wales was one of Britain’s most important industrial regions. Newport became the main port of the eastern valleys and grew into one of the largest towns in Wales. The city was a center of Chartist movement. In the year 1839 by John Frost led march on the Westgate Hotel became the starting of an armed uprising.
In 1899 the UK was in Newport miners’ union founded.
The Tredegar House from the 17th Century to the culturally and historically important residences in Britain counted. Until 1951 it was the seat of the powerful Welsh Morgan family.
Another attraction is the cathedral of the Anglican Church of St. Woolos Cathedral, this item was in 1949. The first church on the site was built around the year 500 and the 11th Century destroyed. It was under the rule of the Normans and rebuilt in the 17th Century destroyed again. The last reconstruction took place in the 19th and 20 Century.
Newport is home to the largest surviving Transporter Bridge , the Transporter Bridge from 1906. She was decommissioned from 2007 to 2010 for renovation purposes.
The 2010 Ryder Cup was held in Newport.
While Newport has long been characterized by shipbuilding, coal handling and iron, steel, and rubber industry, now dominated trade and administration. In particular, Newport is home to a large part of the management of the ’ UK Passport Office ‘, the’ UK Office for National Statistics ‘and the British Patent Office .